The Reflective Practitioner : How Professionals Think in Action, Paperback

The Reflective Practitioner : How Professionals Think in Action Paperback

5 out of 5 (2 ratings)


A leading M.I.T. social scientist and consultant examines five professions - engineering, architecture, management, psychotherapy, and town planning - to show how professionals really go about solving problems. The best professionals, Donald SchA n maintains, know more than they can put into words. To meet the challenges of their work, they rely less on formulas learned in graduate school than on the kind of improvisation learned in practice. This unarticulated, largely unexamined process is the subject of SchA n's provocatively original book, an effort to show precisely how 'reflection-in-action' works and how this vital creativity might be fostered in future professionals.


  • Format: Paperback
  • Pages: 384 pages, illustrations
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Publication Date:
  • Category: Labour economics
  • ISBN: 9781857423198



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Showing 1 - 2 of 2 reviews.

Review by

A provocative and powerful view of practical knowledge. Schon argues that effective professionals do not simply follow the accepted body of knowledge corresponding to their field, but instead engage, intuitively, in a reflective conversation with their problems, probing them, reframing them, and relating them to previous cases. He also argues convincingly that the commonly accepted research and development model in which practitioners bring problems to scientists and scientists hand back reproducible solutions is broken and misleading.

Review by

The longer it's been since I read this, the more I appreciate it. Possibly the most helpful work-related book I've ever read, and I found it very pleasant to read on the sentence level as well.