British Miscalculations : The Rise of Muslim Nationalism, 1918-1925 Hardback
Edited by Isaiah Friedman
In the aftermath of World War I there was furious agitation throughout Islam against the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire.
Coupled with the powerful effect of the principle of self-determination, British indifference to Muslim sentiments gave rise to militant nationalism in Islam-which became de facto anti-Western.
This detailed and convincing account describes British indecisiveness, policy contradictions, and how militant nationalism was aggravated by the Greek invasion of Smyrna and its ambition to create a Hellenic Empire in Anatolia with Britain's connivance. Immediately after World War I there was a fair chance of mutual coexistence and good relations between Arabs and Jews in Palestine.
This possibility was nipped in the bud by the military administration (1918-1920) responsible for the anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem in April 1920.
High Commissioner Herbert Samuel supported the Arab extremists in his misguided policy, and complicated the situation further.
The appointment of Hajj Amin al-Husseini to the exalted post of Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, and subsequently to the presidency of the Supreme Moslem Council of the Palestinians, proved fatal to Arab-Jewish relations and to the possibility of peace. As Friedman shows, the British administration of Palestine bears a considerable share of responsibility for the Arab-Zionist conflict in Palestine.
Against this diplomatic background Arab-Jewish hostilities thrived, with consequences that endure today.
- Format: Hardback
- Pages: 394 pages
- Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
- Publication Date: 15/07/2012
- Category: Middle Eastern history
- ISBN: 9781412847490