Transatlantic Obligations : Creating the Bonds of Family in Conquest-Era Peru and Spain, Paperback / softback Book

Transatlantic Obligations : Creating the Bonds of Family in Conquest-Era Peru and Spain Paperback / softback


The sixteenth-century changes wrought by expansion of Spanish empire into Peru shaped the ways of being a family in colonial Peru.

Even as migration, race mixture, and transculturation took place, family members fulfilled obligations to one another by adapting custom to a changing world.

Family began to shift when, from the moment of their arrival in 1532, Spaniards were joined with elite indigenous women in political marriage-like alliances.

Almost immediately, ageneration of mestizos was born that challenged the hierarchies of colonial society.

In response, the Spanish Crown began to promote the marriage of these men and the travel of Spanish women to Peru to promote good customs and even serve as surrogate parents.

Other reactions came from wives in Spainwho, abandoned by husbands, sought assistance to fulfill family duties.

For indigenous families, the pressures of colonialism prompted migration to cities.

By mid-century, the increase of Spanish migration to Peru changed the social landscape, but did not halt mixed-race marriages.

The book posits that late sixteenth-century cities, specifically Lima and Arequipa, were host to indigenous and Spanish families but also to numerous 'blended' families borne of a process of mestizaje.

In its finalchapter, the legacies for the next generation reveal how Spanish fathers sometimes challenged law with custom and sentiment to establish inheritance plans for their children.

By tracing family obligations connecting Peru and Spain through dowries, bequests, legal powers, and letters, TransatlanticObligations presents a powerful call to rethink sixteenth-century definitions of family.


  • Format: Paperback / softback
  • Pages: 272 pages, 9 illus.
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
  • Publication Date:
  • Category: History of the Americas
  • ISBN: 9780199768585



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