Accreditation of Higher Education : Background, Issues & Considerations Hardback
Edited by Leah Martinez
Historically, accreditation in higher education developed as a part of the evolution of the American higher education system, at a time when it was becoming problematic that no single point of control or central body existed to set educational standards.
In the late 19th century, there was no consensus on the content of the educational programs offered by postsecondary educational institutions or the distinctions between educational offerings at secondary and postsecondary institutions. Because the boundaries were unclear, the first voluntary association of postsecondary institutions was formed in 1895 to define the difference between high school and college and to develop some guidelines and procedures for peer review as a condition for membership.
Over time, a number of regional associations formed whose membership was contingent on accreditation.
The associations established separate accrediting bodies or commissions that were responsible for developing standards and passing on the institutional qualifications for membership.
By the early 1970s, all but a small percentage of the degree-granting institutions of higher education were either accredited or applicants for accreditation.
The United States does not have a centralized authority exercising singular national control over postsecondary educational institutions.
The states assume varying degrees of control over education, but in general, institutions of higher education (IHEs) are permitted to operate with considerable independence and autonomy.
Consequently, the character and quality of IHEs' programs can vary widely.
The role of accreditation in higher education, therefore, is to help ensure a level of acceptable quality across the wide array of programs and institutions in higher education.
This book discusses the background, issues and considerations of accreditation of higher education.
- Format: Hardback
- Pages: 165 pages
- Publisher: Nova Science Publishers Inc
- Publication Date: 01/07/2015
- Category: Educational strategies & policy
- ISBN: 9781634828673