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The Serpent Column : A Cultural Biography, Hardback Book

The Serpent Column : A Cultural Biography Hardback

Part of the Onassis Series in Hellenic Culture series


The Serpent Column, a bronze sculpture that has stood in Delphi and Constantinople, today Istanbul, is a Greek representation of the Near Eastern primordial combat myth: it is Typhon, a dragon defeated by Zeus, and also Python slain by Apollo.

The column was created after the Battle of Plataia (479BC), where the sky was dominated by serpentine constellations and by the spiralling tails of the Milky Way.

It was erected as a votive for Apollo and as a monument to thevictory of the united Greek poleis over the Persians.

It is as a victory monument that the column was transplanted to Constantinople and erected in the hippodrome.

The column remained a monument to cosmic victory through centuries, but also took on other meanings.

Through the Byzantine centuries theseinterpretation were fundamentally Christian, drawing upon serpentine imagery in Scripture, patristic and homiletic writings.

When Byzantines saw the monument they reflected upon this multivalent serpentine symbolism, but also the fact that it was a bronze column.

For these observers, it evoked the Temple's brazen pillars, Moses' brazen serpent, the serpentine tempter of Genesis (Satan), and the beast of Revelation.

The column was inserted into Christian sacred history, symbolizing creation andthe end times.

The most enduring interpretation of the column, which is unrelated to religion, and therefore survived the Ottoman capture of the city, is as a talisman against snakes and snake-bites.

It is this tale that was told by travellers to Constantinople throughout the Middle Ages, and it isthis story that is told to tourists today who visit Istanbul.

In this book, Paul Stephenson twists together multiple strands to relate the cultural biography of a unique monument.


  • Format: Hardback
  • Pages: 304 pages, 92 halftones and 8 line drawings
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
  • Publication Date:
  • Category: Ancient & classical art,BCE to c 500 CE
  • ISBN: 9780190209063

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