Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties Hardback
by Richard S. (Professor of Political Science, Johns Hopkins University) Katz, Peter (formerly Professor of Comparative Politics, European University Institute) Mair
Part of the Comparative Politics series
Political parties have long been recognized as essential institutions of democratic governance. Both the organization of parties, and their relationships with citizens, the state, and each other have evolved since the rise of liberal democracy in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Going into the 21st century, it appears that parties losing popular support, putting both parties, and potentially democracy, in peril.
This book traces the evolution of parties from the model of the mass party, through the catch-all party model, to argue that by the late 20th century the principal governing parties and (and their allied smaller parties - collectively the political 'mainstream') were effectively forming a cartel, in which the form of competition might remain, and indeed even appear to intensify, while its substance was increasingly hollowed out.
The spoils of office were increasingly shared rather thanrestricted to the temporary winners; contentious policy questions were kept off the political agenda, and competition shifted from large questions of policy to minor questions of managerial competence.
To support this cartel, the internal arrangements of parties changed to privilege the party in publicoffice over the party on the ground.
The unintended consequence has been to stimulate the rise of extra-cartel challengers to these cozy arrangements in the form of anti-party-system parties and populist oppositions on the left, but especially on the right. Comparative Politics is a series for researchers, teachers, and students of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics.
Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour.
The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research.
For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu. The series is edited by Emilie van Haute, Professor of Political Science, Universite libre de Bruxelles; Ferdinand Muller-Rommel, Director of the Center for the Study of Democracy, Leuphana University; and Susan Scarrow, John and Rebecca Moores Professor of Political Science, University of Houston.
- Format: Hardback
- Pages: 240 pages
- Publisher: Oxford University Press
- Publication Date: 02/08/2018
- Category: Comparative politics
- ISBN: 9780199586011