In the fall of 2003, Iraqi prisoners were beaten, stripped naked, confined in small spaces, tortured, sexually humiliated, and abused by U.S. personnel at Abu Ghraib, a sprawling prison complex near Baghdad.
The abuse was kept hidden by the U.S. military until photographs of the victims and their smiling tormentors were released to a stunned American public.
Several investigations into the scandal were launched.
Their assessment of the "brutality and purposeless sadism" at Abu Ghraib is shocking. The Abu Ghraib Investigations reveals the awful truth about what happened at Abu Ghraib, who is responsible, and what can be done about it.
It includes: A lead essay by Craig R. Whitney of the New York Times, putting the scandal in historical and political context Excerpts from the official Abu Ghraib Report, commissioned by Donald Rumsfeld, analyzing the events leading up to the abuses and their consequences Excerpts from the Jones/Fay Investigation, commissioned by the Pentagon, detailing specific abuses in graphic detail Photographs that led to the investigations of the abuses Key documents, including official military interrogation policies and the infamous Presidential memo of February 7, 2002