Chemists and Chemistry in Nature and Society, 1770-1878, Hardback Book

Chemists and Chemistry in Nature and Society, 1770-1878 Hardback

Part of the Variorum Collected Studies series

Description

In the 18th century chemistry established itself as both an autonomous and a public science, moving from mining and medicine into agriculture and geology, indeed into the entire material and cultural fabric of society. This chemical revolution had its epicentre in France, but quickly spread. The present volume looks at theoretical and practical aspects of that revolution in France and The Netherlands, then turns to Britain, where Thomas Beddoes mixed French chemistry, medicine, and democratic politics. With the 19th century, Humphrey Davy, emerging from Beddoes's Pneumatic Institution (from which he rapidly distanced himself), took public chemistry dramatically to London. The following articles show how his friend Coleridge incorporated the science into a romantic philosophy of nature, and Faraday extended Davy's work in electrochemistry, matter theory, and a theology of nature; even Hegel's philosophy of geology based itself on chemistry. The final section explores debates about chemical affinity, qualities and arrangement. Au 18e s., la chimie s'etablissait en tant que science autonome et publique, passant de l'industrie miniere et de la medecine A l'agriculture et A la geologie; en verite, A l'ensemble de la structure materielle et culturelle de la societe. Cette revolution chimique, dont l'epicentre etait en France, finit par s'etaler rapidement de toute part. Le present volume examine les aspects theoriques et pratiques de cette revolution en France et aux Pays-Bas, puis se tourne vers la Grande-Bretagne, oA(1) Thomas Beddoes melangeait la chimie franAaise A la medecine et A la politique democratique. A l'oree du 19e s., Humphry Davy, emergeant de l'Institut Pneumatique de Beddoes (dont il se distancera rapidement), amena le chimie publique A Londres de faAon theActrale. Les articles suivants montrent commont son ami, Coleridge, incorpora la science A une philosophie romantique de la nature, et com

Information

  • Format: Hardback
  • Pages: 320 pages
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • Publication Date:
  • Category: History of ideas
  • ISBN: 9780860784128

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