Twice a Stranger : How Mass Expulsion Forged Modern Greece and Turkey, Paperback

Twice a Stranger : How Mass Expulsion Forged Modern Greece and Turkey Paperback

5 out of 5 (1 rating)


It was a massive, yet little-known landmark in modern history: in 1923, after a long war over the future of the Ottoman world, nearly two million citizens of Turkey or Greece were moved across the Aegean, expelled from their homes because they were the 'wrong' religion. Orthodox Christians were deported from Turkey to Greece, Muslims from Greece to Turkey.

At the time, world statesmen hailed the transfer as a solution to the problem of minorities who could not co-exist.

Both governments saw the exchange as a chance to create societies where a single culture prevailed.

But how did the people who crossed the Aegean feel about this exercise in ethnic engineering?

Bruce Clark's fascinating account of these turbulent events draws on new archival research in Greece and Turkey, and interviews with some of the surviving refugees, allowing them to speak for themselves for the first time.


  • Format: Paperback
  • Pages: 304 pages, Illustrations
  • Publisher: Granta Books
  • Publication Date:
  • Category: Social & cultural history
  • ISBN: 9781862079243



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Great book. Fascinating account of a byroad of 20 th century history, the greek- turkish population exchange of the 1920s, of which I already knew a little. Distinguished by a great range of different perspectives: not only both Greek & Turkish sides, but also from top to bottom ( diplomatic posturing, political hypocrisies at one end, individual family suffering at the other). The first hand recall by folk in their nineties is moving and becomes an elegy for mankind's loss of the simple grounded life of rural community. His conclusion, that the whole thing, while painful, seems to have more or less worked out all right, brings yet another perspective. Certainly true compared to ,say, Stalin's actions in that style, or the splitting of India-Pakistan.