The New Zealand Wars, 1820-72 Paperback
by Ian Knight
Illustrated by Raffaele Ruggeri
Part of the Men-at-Arms series
Between 1845 and 1872, various groups of Maori were involved in a series of wars of resistance against British settlers.
The Maori had a fierce and long-established warrior tradition and subduing them took a lengthy British Army commitment, only surpassed in the Victorian period by that on the North-West Frontier of India.
Warfare had been endemic in pre-colonial New Zealand and Maori groups maintained fortified villages or pas.
The small early British coastal settlements were tolerated, and in the 1820s a chief named Hongi Hika travelled to Britain with a missionary and returned laden with gifts.
He promptly exchanged these for muskets, and began an aggressive 15-year expansion.
By the 1860s many Maori had acquired firearms and had perfected their bush-warfare tactics.
In the last phase of the wars a religious movement, Pai Maarire ('Hau Hau'), inspired remarkable guerrilla leaders such as Te Kooti Arikirangi to renewed resistance.
This final phase saw a reduction in British Army forces.
European victory was not total, but led to a negotiated peace that preserved some of the Maori people's territories and freedoms.
- Format: Paperback
- Pages: 48 pages, 8 col
- Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing PLC
- Publication Date: 06/03/2013
- Category: Australasian & Pacific history
- ISBN: 9781780962771