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Hard, Soft, and Smart Power - Education as a Power Resource, Hardback Book

Hard, Soft, and Smart Power - Education as a Power Resource Hardback

Part of the Dia-Logos series


In the current global context, there is a shift in power paradigm from the rigid realpolitik perspective towards the inclusion of multiple faces of power.

This publication focuses on the power forms identified by Joseph Nye: hard, soft, and smart, and evaluates education as a resource of power.

Resource ambiguity is one of the key shortcomings of soft power theory.

Education is a smart power resource since it has both hard and soft power characteristics.

The case study of Kazakhstan reveals that international educational programs allow education to become a power resource.


  • Format: Hardback
  • Pages: 180 pages, 36 Illustrations, unspecified
  • Publisher: Peter Lang AG
  • Publication Date:
  • Category: Social & political philosophy
  • ISBN: 9783631732212

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