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Handbook on Crime and Deviance, Paperback / softback Book

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The eldofcrimeanddevianceisextensiveandevergrowing.

Asinglecollectionofarticles couldnotcapturethevariousmethods,theories,andissuesthatcomprisethekeyconcernsofthe discipline.

Facedwiththevastarrayofpotentialtopicareasthatcouldbelegitimatelyincluded insuchacompendium,wedecidedtouseourownlenstofocusonareasthatwedeemtobeof continuingimportanceandthoseinwhichimportantdevelopmentshaveemerged.

Althoughwe recognizethatmuchhasbeenexcludedfromthiscollection,wethinkwhathasbeenincorporated shouldbeofgreatinteresttoscholarsworkinginthe eldandtothosestudentswhoarebecoming acquaintedwithit.

Thecompendiumisdividedintofourmajorsections:(1)MethodologicalIssuesinCrime Research;(2)ExplanationsofCrime;(3)CriminalJustice-RelatedIssues;and(4)SpecialTopics inCrime.

Withineachsection,wehaveendeavoredtoselectauthorswhoaremajor guresin theareaonwhichtheywriteorareamongthoseyoungscholarswhoaredoingsomeofthe mostimportantworkintheirareasofexpertise.

Thisblendofseniorandup-and-comingscholars demonstratesthecontinuingvitalityofthe eldandwehopethatvitalityemanatesfromthe selectionswehavechosen.

PartItitled"MethodologicalIssuesinCrimeResearch"containsfourchapters. Theissues thataredealtwithrangefromthosethatarethesourceofcontinuingdebate(arelongitudinal designsworththeexpenseandeffort,anddothebene tsofcomparativestudiesoutweighthe dif cultiesinconductingthem)aswellasissuesthatareonthecuttingedgeofcriminolo- calresearchtoday(theuseofgroup-basedstatisticalmethodologyforanalyzingdevelopmental trajectoriesandtheuseofincident-basedreportingsystems).

A Handbook on Crime and DeviancewouldcertainlynotbecompletewithoutaPartII titled"ExplanationsofCrime. "Wehavenotincludedachapteroneverytheoreticalperspective thathasbeenpartofthedisciplinarydialogue.

Rather,wehaveselectedsomeofthetheories onwhichtherehasbeensigni cantdevelopmentoverthepast10years.

Theauthorswhohave contributedchaptersareclearlyamongthosewhoarecurrentlydoingworktoadvanceeitherthe theoreticaldevelopmentofthoseperspectivesortheresearchagendaonthosetheories,orboth. v vi Preface Theyalsowereinstructedtoemphasizethemorerecentdevelopmentsoftherespectivetheories intheirexpositions.

PartIIIcontainschaptersaddressing"CriminalJustice-RelatedIssues. "Thereweream- iadofissuesthatcouldhavebeenaddressedinthispart.

Wechosetoseekcontributionsonissues thatrelatetheorytopractice. Althoughweseparatethemfromourtheorysection,thesesel- tionscouldhaveeasilybeenincludedthere.

Wealsoincludedessaysontwoissuesthatcontinue tobeamongthosethatareofcontinuingconcern,capitalpunishment,andthein uenceofrace andsexintheprocessingofoffendersinthecriminaljusticesystem.

Part IV of the Handbook, "Special Topics in Crime and Deviance", is a compilation of issuesthatcontinuetobeorhavebecome'hottopics'inour eld.

Theyrangefromgangs,guns, peers,anddrugstoissuessuchaschildabuseanddomesticviolence,cybercrime,andhatecrime.

Thereareexcitingtheoreticalandresearchdevelopmentsintheseareas,manyofwhichhavebeen forwardedbytheauthorsofthesechapters.

WhenrepresentativesofSpringeraskedustoassembleacompendium,theyspeci cally instructedustoselectarticlesbasedonourvisionofwhatwashappeninginthe eldtoday.

Wehaveendeavoredtodothat. Moreimportantly,insolicitingchaptersfromthecontributing authors,weaskedthemtorelyontheirviewofwhatwasofparticularcurrentinterestintheir areaofexpertise.

Wefurtherencouragedthemtoincorporatetheirownworkintheseareasin ordertotakefulladvantageoftheirexpertise. Theresultisacompendiumthatincludesan- to-dateassessmentofthestateofthe eldonanumberofextremelyimportanttopicsincrime anddeviance.

Wethinkitwillbeavaluableresourcetoestablishedscholarsaswellasstudents whoarebeingintroducedtothe eld.

MARVIN D. KROHN Contents I. METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES IN CRIME RESEARCH Alan J. Lizotte 1. Contributions of Cross-National Research to Criminology at the Beginning of the 21st Century ...3 Janet P.

Stamatel Introduction...3 WhatDoesCross-NationalCriminologyMean? ...4 TheValueOfCross-NationalCriminology...5 AskingDifferentQuestions...6 Macro-levelExplanations...7 ContextualizingCrimeinTimeandSpace ...8 MethodologicalChallengesAndNewDevelopments...9 QuantitativeApproaches ...9 QualitativeApproaches ...12 TheoreticalChallengesAndNewDevelopments ...13 GrandTheories ...14 AdaptingIntra-nationalTheoriestotheCross-NationalSetting ...15 NewDirectionsforCross-NationalCrimeTheories ...16 Conclusions...18 References ...18 2.

Studying the Crime Problem with NIBRS Data: Current Uses and Future Trends ...23 Lynn A.

Addington Introduction...23 OverviewOfNIBRS ...24 OriginsofNIBRSandInitialGoalsforIncident-BasedCrimeData...24 InformationCollectedbyNIBRS...25 vii viii Contents LawEnforcementParticipationinNIBRS...28 CurrentUsesOfNIBRSDataToResearchCrime...30 EarlyUsesofNIBRSData...30 ExamplesofCurrentUsesforNIBRSData ...30 ChallengesToUsingNIBRSData ...34 Challenge1:ConcernswithDataQuality ...34 Challenge2:LimitationswithPolice-GeneratedCrimeData ...35 Challenge3:AnalyticalComplexityofNIBRSData ...35 FutureTrendsInUsingNIBRSDataToStudyCrime ...35 AddressingChallenge1:ConcernswithDataQuality ...36 AddressingChallenge2:LimitationswithPolice-GeneratedCrimeData ...38 AddressingChallenge3:AnalyticalComplexityofNIBRSData...39 Conclusion...39 References ...40 3.

Longitudinal Data and Their Uses...43 Alan J. Lizotte, David McDowall, and Nicole M. Schmidt Introduction...43 TheRochesterYouthDevelopmentStudy ...44 Data...44 Measures...44 Cross-SectionalVersusLongitudinalData ...46 ExamplesofDifferencesBetweenCross-SectionalandLongitudinal Analyses ...46 Conclusions...56 References ...

Information

  • Format: Paperback / softback
  • Pages: 602 pages, 40 Illustrations, black and white; XVIII, 602 p. 40 illus.
  • Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  • Publication Date:
  • Category: Sociology
  • ISBN: 9781461412106

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